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PHP or Java—which language is right for your software project?

PHP is one of the most mature, ubiquitous server-side scripts on the web. Java is a general-purpose, compiled programming language designed with one mantra in mind—”write once, run anywhere.” Both power dynamic web applications and sites, with their own strengths and nuances.Once you choose a language for your software project, it can be pretty difficult to change gears unless you perform a major overhaul down the line. That’s why choosing the right language up front is imperative in building a scalable, successful site that accomplishes your business goals.

Here’s a look at two of the most popular programming languages, Java and PHP. A software developer can help you best decide between the two based on your project, but here are some basics to help you make the right decision.

WHAT IS JAVA?

Java was designed as a general-purpose programming language for building standalone applications. Java was released by Sun in 1991. It was initially being used to program consumer electronics like VCRs.

Java is a compiled language and when we compile the code it turned to intermediate binary for the specific operating system running your software. The JVM helps bridge the gap between source code and the 1s and 0s that the computer understands. Any machine that has the JVM installed can run Java.

In development, Java is primarily a server-side language for the web and the programming language of choice for mobile development on the Android platform. It also still has a decent presence on the front-end as a Java applet. Although this is falling out of favour due to security concerns.

WHAT IS PHP?

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a general-purpose scripting language that quickly became the de facto server-side language of choice for web developers after its initial release in 1995. Today, a majority of websites run on PHP, and PHP programmers are still in high demand thanks to its role as the foundation for content management systems (CMS) like WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla and a number of modern frameworks like Laravel, Symfony, and CakePHP that have accelerated development with this mature language.

PHP and Java Differences

Let’s take a closer look at some of the major differences between these two languages.

  • Compiled vs. Interpreted.  While there’s a lot of nuance to the compiled vs. interpreted debate. It is generally true that scripts are much easier to use and favour programmer productivity.
  • Memory safe. Java is a memory-safe language, which means if you attempt to assign values outside of the given array parameters, the programmer receives an error.
  • Static vs. Dynamic Type Checking. The programmer must specify the type (integer, double, string, etc.) of any variable they create. There are many pros and cons to these two paradigms. The primary advantage of dynamic type checking is programmer productivity—you are free to assign types at your leisure.
  • Concurrency. This is the language’s ability to handle the execution of several instruction sequences at the same time. Java makes use of multiple threads to perform tasks in parallel. PHP, like most server-side languages, uses multi-threaded, blocking I/O to carry out multiple tasks in parallel.
Author
Yashu Sthapit

it's me...........

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